History of Indian Rajputs Kingdom

THE RAJPUTS 

  • With the break up of the Pratihara Empire, the well known Rajputs entered the scene in Indian history.
  • The four agnikula Rajputs were the Parihara or Pratiharas, the Chauhans, the Solankis and the Pawars or Parmaras.

Chauhans

  • The Chauhans were feudatories of Prathihara till Simharaja declared independence in the middle of the 10th century. His successor Vigraharaja II defeated Mulraja 1 and overran Gujarat.
  • Ajayraja was on the throne of Sakambhari, the capital in the first quarter of 12th century. He founded the city of Ajaymeru (modern Ajmer).
  • Prithviraj III began his reign in 1177. He defeated Mohd. Ghori in the first battle of Tarain in 1191. In 1192 Mohd. Ghori defeated and executed Prtihiviraj Chauhan.
  • Flarihara regained Ajmer before 1194 but had to surrender to Qutub-uddin Aibak.

Paramars 

  • There were several branches of Paramaras. The main branch ruled in Malwa with its capital at Dhara.
  • Upendra founded the Parmara dynasty of Malwa.
  • Munja also known as Utpala and Vakapatiraja II was a great general.
  • Bhoja was the greatest king of the Parmara dynasty.
  • In A.D. 1008 he sent an army to help the Shahi ruler Anandapala of Punjab against Mahmud of Ghazni. In A.D. 1043 he joined a confederacy of Hindu chiefs after conquering Muslim territories.

Chalukyas of Gujarat 

  • The dynasty was founded by Mularaja I in Anhilpataka around A.D. 942.
  • Bhima I was the grandson of Mulraja. During his reign in A.D. 1025, Mahmud Ghazni overran Gujarat and plundered Somnath. He was suc-ceeded by his son Karan in A.D. 1064.
  • Jaisimha Siddharaja won many battles.
  • Kumarpala ascended the throne in 1143 A.D.
  • Having come under the influence of the Jaina teacher Hemachandra, he embraced Jainism. He reformed the laws and stopped gambling and other evil practices.
  • Mulraja II repulsed the attack of Muslims.
  • In 1297, A lauddin Khalji conquered Gujarat and made it part of the Delhi Sultanate.

Gahadavalas of Kannauj 

  • The Gahadavalas ruled in Kannauj from the third quarter of the 1 I th Century.
  • Chadradeva was the first great ruler of this dynasty.
  • Govindchandra defeated the Muslims and secured the release of his father Madan Chandra.
  • Jayachandra suffered a defeat at the hands of the king Lakshamanasena of Bengal. In 1193, Mohd. Ghori invaded the kingdom of the Gahadavalas and defeated and killed Jaychandra in the battle of Chandawar.

Chandelas 

  • The Chandelas ruled in Bundelkhand.
  • The dynasty was founded by Nanuka in the early years of the 9th Century and his capital was Khajuraho.
  • Dhanga was the first independent king of the Chandela dynasty and as-sumed the title Maharajadhiraja.
  • He was succeeded by Ganda who in turn was succeeded by Vidyadhara.
  • During Vidyadhara's reign Mahmud of Ghazni invaded Kalinjar in 1019 and again in 1022. He could not capture the fort and had to retire with friendly terms.
  • In 1165 Parmadideva was defeated by Prithviraj Chauhan. Afterwards, Qutub-ud-din Aibak defeated Parmadideva and occupied a greater part of Bundelkhand.
  • Finally, Alauddin Khalji captured the whole of the kingdom.