History of Indian Rajputs Kingdom
- With the break up of the Pratihara Empire, the well known Rajputs entered the scene in Indian history.
- The four agnikula Rajputs were the Parihara or Pratiharas, the Chauhans, the Solankis and the Pawars or Parmaras.
- The Chauhans were feudatories of Prathihara till Simharaja declared independence in the middle of the 10th century. His successor Vigraharaja II defeated Mulraja 1 and overran Gujarat.
- Ajayraja was on the throne of Sakambhari, the capital in the first quarter of 12th century. He founded the city of Ajaymeru (modern Ajmer).
- Prithviraj III began his reign in 1177. He defeated Mohd. Ghori in the first battle of Tarain in 1191. In 1192 Mohd. Ghori defeated and executed Prtihiviraj Chauhan.
- Flarihara regained Ajmer before 1194 but had to surrender to Qutub-uddin Aibak.
- There were several branches of Paramaras. The main branch ruled in Malwa with its capital at Dhara.
- Upendra founded the Parmara dynasty of Malwa.
- Munja also known as Utpala and Vakapatiraja II was a great general.
- Bhoja was the greatest king of the Parmara dynasty.
- In A.D. 1008 he sent an army to help the Shahi ruler Anandapala of Punjab against Mahmud of Ghazni. In A.D. 1043 he joined a confederacy of Hindu chiefs after conquering Muslim territories.
Chalukyas of Gujarat
- The dynasty was founded by Mularaja I in Anhilpataka around A.D. 942.
- Bhima I was the grandson of Mulraja. During his reign in A.D. 1025, Mahmud Ghazni overran Gujarat and plundered Somnath. He was suc-ceeded by his son Karan in A.D. 1064.
- Jaisimha Siddharaja won many battles.
- Kumarpala ascended the throne in 1143 A.D.
- Having come under the influence of the Jaina teacher Hemachandra, he embraced Jainism. He reformed the laws and stopped gambling and other evil practices.
- Mulraja II repulsed the attack of Muslims.
- In 1297, A lauddin Khalji conquered Gujarat and made it part of the Delhi Sultanate.
Gahadavalas of Kannauj
- The Gahadavalas ruled in Kannauj from the third quarter of the 1 I th Century.
- Chadradeva was the first great ruler of this dynasty.
- Govindchandra defeated the Muslims and secured the release of his father Madan Chandra.
- Jayachandra suffered a defeat at the hands of the king Lakshamanasena of Bengal. In 1193, Mohd. Ghori invaded the kingdom of the Gahadavalas and defeated and killed Jaychandra in the battle of Chandawar.
- The Chandelas ruled in Bundelkhand.
- The dynasty was founded by Nanuka in the early years of the 9th Century and his capital was Khajuraho.
- Dhanga was the first independent king of the Chandela dynasty and as-sumed the title Maharajadhiraja.
- He was succeeded by Ganda who in turn was succeeded by Vidyadhara.
- During Vidyadhara's reign Mahmud of Ghazni invaded Kalinjar in 1019 and again in 1022. He could not capture the fort and had to retire with friendly terms.
- In 1165 Parmadideva was defeated by Prithviraj Chauhan. Afterwards, Qutub-ud-din Aibak defeated Parmadideva and occupied a greater part of Bundelkhand.
- Finally, Alauddin Khalji captured the whole of the kingdom.