• They are appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister. 
  • A person who is not a member of both the houses can also be appointed as a minister on the condition that he must become the member of either of the houses within six months. 

Close Relationship Between the Parliament and the Council of Ministers 

  • Each minister is essentially a member of either house of the union parliament. 
  • If any non-member becomes a minister, he has to become a Member of Parliament (MP) within six months. In case he fails to do so, he has to quit his ministership. 
  • The council of ministers and the parliament actively participate in its work-ing. They take full part in law making. 

Ministerial Responsibility 

  • The council of ministers is responsible before the parliament for all its activities and decisions. Ministerial responsibility has three main aspects, as we see in the next section. 
  • Indian council of ministers is fully responsible before the union parliament.

Responsibility of the Ministers for All Acts of the President 

  • The council of ministers is responsible for all the decisions and actions of the President. 
  • The President always acts on the advice of the Prime Minister and the council of ministers. > The Prime Minister is the chief advisor of the President. 
  • Every decision of the President is the decision of the council of ministers. They are therefore responsible for all the decisions and actions of the President. 

Collective Responsibility of the Council of Ministers 

  • The council of ministers is collectively responsible before the parliament, in fact before the Lok Sabha. 
  • In case the Lok Sabha rejects any law or policy or decision'or budget pro-posal made by the ministry, it is taken to be a vote of confidence against the entire council of ministers. 
  • In this event the council of ministers resigns and goes out of office. Like-wise, when the Lok Sabha passes a direct vote of no confidence against the Prime Minister, it also means a lack of confidence in it. This system is called Collective Responsibility of the ministry before the parliament.