Parliament is the supreme legislative body of a country. Our parliament comprises of the President and the two houses, the Lok Sabha (house of the people) and the Rajya Sabha (Council of States).
The President has the power to summon and prorogue either house of parliament or to dissolve the Lok Sabha.
Composition of the Two Houses
The maximum strength of the Rajya Sabha is 250 out of which 238 members are the representative of states and the union territories and 12 members are nominated by the President.
The maximum strength of the Lok Sabha is 552 out of which 530 members are the representative of the states, 20 members are the representative of the union territories and 2 members are nominated by the President from the Anglo-Indian community.
Session of the Parliament
There are usually three sessions in year i. The Budget Session (February to May) ii. The Monsoon Session (July to September) and iii. The Winter Session (November to December)